GABA: Enhancing this Important Neurotransmitter

Gamma-Aminobutyric acid (γ-Aminobutyric acid) or GABA, is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. It plays the principal role in reducing neuronal excitability throughout the nervous system. The features of the GABA system are characterized in the following Table: GABA Synthesis GABA is synthesized from glutamate using the enzyme L-glutamic acid decarboxylase

Enhancing and Protecting the Components of the Neurons with Nutraceuticals, Foods and Herbs

Components of a Neuron A neuron, also known as a nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals. These signals between neurons occur via specialized connections called synapses. Neurons are major components of the : brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system (CNS) autonomic

Preventing Brain Atrophy and Cognitive Decline with Omega-3 Fatty Acids and B-Complex Vitamins

Brain Atrophy Brain atrophy, or brain shrinkage, is the opposite of neurogenesis. Brain atrophy describes a loss of neurons and the connections between them. Figure 1.  Normal brain versus Atrophic brain  (Source) Brain atrophy can be categorized as either general or focal. With general brain atrophy, all of the brain shrinks. With focal brain atrophy,

A Multiprong Approach to Mild Cognitive Impairment – Prong One: Nutrients that Support Brain Function

According to the Mayo Clinic, Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is defined as: “Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an intermediate stage between the expected cognitive decline of normal aging and the more serious decline of dementia. It can involve problems with memory, language, thinking and judgment that are greater than normal age-related changes. If you have

Balancing Your Neurotransmitter Systems Naturally

A balanced and healthy nervous system requires a sufficient level of neurotransmitters.  There are a number of neurotransmitters that have been identified and are typically classified as: Amino acids Monoamines Peptides Another classification of neurotransmitters is whether they are inhibitory or stimulatory.  For purposes of this article, four main neurotransmitters are examined: Stimulatory Acetylcholine Dopamine

Pyroglutamate Improves Blood Circulation to the Brain

Pyroglutamate (also known as L-pyroglutamic acid, PCA, 5-oxoproline, or pidolic acid) is an amino acid found in certain fruits, vegetables, meat and dairy products. In individuals, this amino acid tends to be primarily located in the: brain blood cerebrospinal fluid making it important for a properly functioning nervous system and brain activity. Studies have found

Centella asiatica (Gotu Kola): Considered a “Miracle Elixir of Life” by Traditional Chinese Medicine*

Introduction of Centella asiatica Centella asiatica is a small perennial plant of the family Mackinlayaceae or subfamily Mackinlayoideae of family Apiaceae, and is native to wetlands in Asia.  It is commonly known as Gotu Kola. Centella asiatica (CA) has been used extensively in Asia and is considered a very important medicinal herb in that region

Psychobiotics: Examining the Positive Effects of Probiotics on Mood Disorders and Stress

Human Microbiota The human microbiota consists of an aggregate of microorganisms that reside on or within a number of tissues and biofluids, including the skin, mammary glands, placenta, seminal fluid, uterus, ovarian follicles, lung, saliva, oral mucosa, conjunctiva, and gastrointestinal tracts. These microbiota include bacteria, fungi, and archaea.  For many years it has been estimated

Rosmarinic acid as Adjunctive Therapeutic Agents for Treatment of Neurodegenerative Diseases and Disorders

Rosmarinic acid is the structural ester of caffeic acid and 3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid.  It is a predominant phenol in many well-known herbs, namely: Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Sage Salvia officinalis (Common sage) Salvia lavandulaefolia (Spanish sage) Ocimum basilicum (basil) Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) Mint Thyme Origanum majorana (marjoram) Oregano  Perilla frutescens  (Perilla leaf)

The Medicinal and Therapeutic Benefits of Rosa damascena

Introduction to Rosa damascena Rosa damascena Mill is the hybrid between R. gallica and R. Phoenicia and is the member of Rosaceae family with more than 200 species and 18,000 cultivars around the world. Rosa damascena is known by many different names around the world:  1 Damask rose Rose of Castile Gole Mohammadi In Iran,