Mitochondria are the only cell components (other than the nucleus) to possess their own DNA. This means mitochondria have the ability to replicate and increase their number within a single human cell. Human cells may house anywhere from 2 to 2,500 mitochondria, depending on tissue type, antioxidant status, and other factors.
It is claimed in scientific circles that mitochondrial number and function determine human longevity. Thus the more functional mitochondria you have in your cells, the greater your overall health and durability.
As we age and grow older, the problem is that our mitochondria degrade and become dysfunctional. Age-related destruction of the mitochondria occurs more rapidly than in other cell components, meaning that for most people it is loss of functional mitochondria that ultimately leads to personal extinction.
Up until recently, mitochondrial biogenesis, the creating of new mitochondria within cells, has been problematic and the only recognized natural ways to stimulate mitochondrial biogenesis were:
- calorie restriction or
- aerobic exercise
Fortunately, the scientific substantiation and research on mitochondrial biogenesis has indicated that there are certain nutrients to enhance mitochondrial performance and biogenesis. These nutrients have been identified in the scientific literature to activate mitochondrial biogenesis, and are as follows:
- Alpha Lipoic Acid
- Branched Chain Amino Acids
- Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ)
- Pterostilbene (doubly methylated resveratrol)
- Se-Methyl L-Selenocysteine (Selenium)
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